Glossary of terms used in Phylogeny Reconstruction.



Jacknifing This is a method of resampling data in an effort to assess confidence in the hypothesised relationships between taxa.  It is very similar to bootstrapping. The original data matrix is sampled, with a portion of the data being used in order to create a new matrix.  In practice, usually 50% of the original data are chosen at random to make a new matrix.  Phylogenetic relationships are reconstructed between the taxa and the sampling process is repeated (many times, usually 100-1,000 times).  Finally a consensus tree (usually majority-rule) is constructed from the optimal trees from each pseudoreplicate.  The number of times a particular internal branch is observed is an indication of how much confidence we can place in the inferred relationships.


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Any Questions? email: James Mcinerney